The Complex World of Legal Impediments to Marriage in the Philippines

Marriage is a sacred institution, but it is also a legally binding contract. Philippines, legal impediments prevent people married. Impediments place protect individuals ensure marriage valid legally recognized. Dive fascinating legal impediments marriage Philippines.

Types of Legal Impediments

two main Types of Legal Impediments marriage Philippines: absolute impediments relative impediments. Absolute impediments are conditions that make a marriage illegal and void from the beginning, while relative impediments are conditions that may render a marriage voidable.

Absolute Impediments

Impediment Description
Age Both parties must be at least 18 years old to get married. A marriage involving a minor is void.
Existing Marriage Bigamous or polygamous marriages are illegal in the Philippines. One party already married, enter another marriage.
Consanguinity Parties related blood fourth civil degree married. This includes siblings, parents and children, and first cousins.
Adoption Persons adopted marry adopters adoptive parents.

Relative Impediments

Impediment Description
Lack of Parental Consent If one parties 18 21 years old, need parental consent married. Without it, the marriage is voidable.
Insanity If one party was insane or mentally incapacitated at the time of the marriage, it may be voidable.
Fraud If one party forced deceived marriage, voidable.

Case Study: Legal Impediments in Action

In 2019, a high-profile case brought attention to legal impediments to marriage in the Philippines. A local celebrity attempted to marry his long-time partner, only to discover that he was still legally married to his estranged wife. This absolute impediment prevented the celebrity from marrying his partner and highlighted the importance of checking for legal impediments before entering into a marriage.

Legal impediments to marriage in the Philippines are a crucial aspect of family law. They serve to protect individuals and ensure that marriages are entered into freely and with full understanding. Understanding these impediments is essential for anyone considering marriage in the Philippines, and seeking legal advice is always recommended to navigate this complex legal landscape.

Top 10 Legal Questions About Legal Impediment to Marriage in the Philippines

Question Answer
1. What considered Legal Impediment to Marriage in the Philippines? In the Philippines, a legal impediment to marriage refers to any factor that prohibits a couple from being legally married. This can include factors such as age, relationship, previous marriage, and mental capacity.
2. Can a minor get married in the Philippines? No, in the Philippines, the legal age for marriage is 18. However, there are certain exceptions where minors aged 18 to 21 may be allowed to marry with parental consent or court approval.
3. Are there restrictions on marrying a relative in the Philippines? Yes, the Family Code of the Philippines prohibits marriages between relatives up to the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity.
4. Can a person with a previous marriage get married in the Philippines? Under the Family Code, a person with a previous marriage must obtain a court declaration of nullity or annulment of their previous marriage before they can legally marry again.
5. What are the grounds for annulment of marriage in the Philippines? The grounds annulment marriage Philippines include Lack of Parental Consent, psychological incapacity, fraud, among others.
6. Is same-sex marriage legal in the Philippines? As of now, same-sex marriage is not legally recognized in the Philippines. Family Code defines marriage union man woman.
7. Can a person with a mental illness get married in the Philippines? If a person is found to be mentally incapacitated and unable to give consent to marriage, their marriage may be considered voidable.
8. What are the legal requirements for a foreigner to marry in the Philippines? A foreigner wishing to marry in the Philippines must obtain a certificate of legal capacity to contract marriage from their embassy or consulate, and comply with other requirements under Philippine law.
9. Can a married person marry another person in the Philippines? No, bigamy is a criminal offense in the Philippines. A married person cannot legally marry another person without first obtaining a court declaration of nullity or annulment of their previous marriage.
10. What are the legal consequences of contracting marriage in violation of a legal impediment? Marriage in violation of a legal impediment may be considered void or voidable, and can result in legal consequences for the parties involved, such as nullity of the marriage or criminal liability.

Legal Impediment to Marriage in the Philippines

Marriage is a sacred institution that is governed by laws and regulations in the Philippines. Certain legal impediments affect validity marriage. Important understand impediments ensure addressed entering marriage contract.


Parties entering into a marriage contract in the Philippines hereby acknowledge that they are aware of the legal impediments to marriage as prescribed by Philippine laws. Legal impediments include limited following:

  • Legal age requirement
  • Consanguinity affinity
  • Previous marriage
  • Psychological incapacity

Parties further acknowledge that failure to comply with the legal requirements and address any legal impediments may result in the nullity of the marriage.

The parties agree to seek legal counsel and ensure that all legal impediments to marriage are addressed and resolved prior to entering into the marriage contract. Parties also agree to provide all necessary documentation and information to verify their eligibility for marriage as prescribed by Philippine laws.

This contract is governed by the laws of the Philippines and any disputes arising from the interpretation or execution of this contract shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Philippine courts.